Country: Hong Kong
Population: 6,921,700 (2007 estimate)
Currency: Hong Kong dollar
Language: English, Mandarin and Cantonese were the official languages until 1997 with English being used for all legal and governmental work. Cantonese was and remains the common spoken language. Mandarin became the official language of government in July 1997 and is increasingly spoken.
Located in eastern Asia on the South China Sea bordered by China to the north. Total land area of approximately 415 sq. miles made up of Hong Kong Island with an area of about 29 sq. miles, Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutters Island (6 sq. miles) and the New Territories, made up principally of a large area on the mainland and Lantau Island.
Now a Special Administrative Region of China it was a dependency of the UK following the Treaty of Nanking (1842) until July 1997 when it became a Special Administrative Region of China.